Sodium hydroxide is also used in the manufacture of sodium salts and detergents, ph regulation, and organic synthesis. Sodium hydroxide, 40% ww safety data sheet according to federal register vol. Sodium hydroxide safety data sheet according to federal register vol. The benefits of its use include efficacy, low cost, ease of detection, removal, and disposal.
It is used for the manufacturing of paper, soaps, and detergents. In the form of salt cake sodium sulphate is used in making wood pulp by the sulphate process, plate glass, window glass, and bottles, water glass, sodium sulphide, and precipitated barium sul. Sodium hydroxide is widely used in the manufacture of soaps, paper, rayon, cellophane, mercerized cotton, aluminum, and many chemicals. Workers employed in industries where sodium hydroxide. It has no odor and comes in the form of either liquid or solid. One of the most well known uses of sodium hydroxide is its use in unclogging drains.
Used to destroy or kill the mail matrix matrixectomies. Sodium hydroxide 10% forms a strongly alkaline and caustic solution. A coproduct of chlorine production, sodium hydroxide is used to help produce a wide range of useful products. These factors contribute to it being the cheapest and most widely used strong alkali. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps and a variety of detergents used in homes and commercial applications. In bulk it is most often handled as an aqueous solution, since solutions are cheaper and easier to handle. Ltd a leading raw material supplier for various pharmaceuticals companies in india and abroad. The science company provides the information in this safety data sheet in the belief. Use of sodium hydroxide for cleaning and sanitization of chromatography media and systems sodium hydroxide is widely accepted for cleaning and sanitization of chromatography media resins and systems. Using sodium hydroxide lye as a disinfectant university.
Sodium hydroxide is also used quite a bit in food processing. Sodium hydroxide solution fda prescribing information, side. Sodium hydroxide is a extremely important compound in our lives because it has so many uses. It is also commonly used in the manufacture of fabric, plastic wrap, paper and soap. Add sodium hydroxide to waterdo not add water to solid sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is also used for the manufacture of sodium salts and detergents, for ph regulation, and for organic. Sodium hydroxide is also called caustic soda, lye, sodium hydroxide solid, and sodium hydrate. Immediately call a poison center or doctorphysician store in a corrosive resistant container with a resistant inner liner store locked up. It is used to remove sulfurous impurities from poor quality crude oil by the process called caustic washing. Jul 17, 2017 selina concise chemistry class 10 icse solutions analytical chemistry. Sodium hydroxide is widely accepted for cleaning, sanitizing and storing chromatography media and systems. Central drug house p ltd 728 vardaan house new delhi2.
Use of sodium hydroxide for cleaning and sanitizing. Stir the sodium hydroxide, a little at a time, into a large volume of water and then dilute the solution to make one liter. As a solid, it is a plane white substance that comes in the form of pellets, chips or sticks. It is also commonly used in the manufacture of fabric, plastic wrap, paper and soap, according to the tennessee department of health. Where can sodium hydroxide be found and how is it used. Household uses for sodium percarbonate our warning. Safety data sheet according to 29cfr19101200 and ghs rev. Ferrosilicon is used by the military to quickly produce hydrogen for balloons by the ferrosilicon method. Sodium hydroxide is used to extract alumina from naturally occurring minerals. Nov 21, 2019 magnesium is a naturally occurring mineral.
Magnesium hydroxide is also used as an antacid to relieve indigestion, sour stomach, and heartburn. It can react violently with strong acids and with water. It is used in the extraction of aluminium by purifying bauxite. Magnesium hydroxide is used as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation. Sodium hydroxide is an base that is commonly known as lye or caustic soda. Sodium hydroxide emergency and continuous exposure limits.
Sodium hydroxide 5% wv columbus chemical industries. Sodium hydroxide emergency and continuous exposure. Small amounts of sodium hydroxide are sometimes used in drain and oven cleaners. Any person who uses products containing sodium hydroxide can be exposed. It is used as a cleansing agent and in the manufacturing of washing soda.
Sodium hydroxide is also widely used in pulping of wood for making paper or regenerated fibers. The largest users of sodium hydroxide are the pulp and paper, detergent, and chemical industries. Sodium hydroxide is an ingredient of many household products used for cleaning and disinfecting. Sodium hydroxide material safety data sheet cas no 10732.
It is a very common base used in the chemical industry and is used for many things, many of which occur in our daily lives. It is used in the manufacture of fabric, plastic wrap, paper and soap. Nioshtic2 search results on sodium hydroxide nioshtic2 is a searchable database of worker safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles supported in whole or in part by niosh. Synonyms caustic soda, lye, sodium hydrate, ins no.
In concentrated form, it is used as a drain cleaner. Sodium hydroxide solution 10% is supplied in a 2 oz. Interestingly, sodium hydroxide has been studied for its use in the treatment of. It is commonly present in commercial drain and oven cleaners. Sodium hydroxide is a inorganic alkali widely used as food preparation agent in industrial production. The surface of cotton can be improved by treatment with sodium hydroxide solution mercerization. In the purification of bauxite for the extraction of aluminium. It absorbs moisture from the air and reacts with carbon dioxide to create sodium carbonate. The benefits of its use include efficacy, low cost, and ease of detection, removal, and disposal. Uses of ammonium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide provides step by step solutions for selina concise icse solutions for class 10 chemistry chapter 4 analytical chemistry. Alumina is used to make aluminum and a variety of products including foil, cans, kitchen utensils, beer kegs and airplane parts.
Sodium hydroxide is found in some household cleaners, such as drain cleaners, and oven cleaners. Sodium hydroxide is also used to refine raw materials for wood products such as cabinets and furniture and in wood bleaching and cleaning. It also comes in the form of lye soap which can be used to wash practically anything, from the dishes to your face. Sodium hydroxide is the main ingredient in household products such as liquid drain cleaners. The sodium hydroxide solution used must contain only traces of chloride ions rayon quality. Sodium hydroxide does not accumulate in the food chain. Alabaster vessels containing 3 % sodium hydroxide solution have. Along with sodium sulfide, sodium hydroxide is a key component of the white liquor solution used to separate lignin from cellulose fibers in the kraft process.
It is also used in processing cotton fabric, laundering and bleaching, metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating, and electrolytic extracting. Us dot un1824, sodium hydroxide solution, 8, pg ii tdg un1824, sodium hydroxide solution, 8, pg ii imdg un1824, sodium hydroxide solution, 8, pg ii marine pollutant no iataicao un1824, sodium hydroxide solution, 8, pg ii. It is used in the bayer process of aluminium production. As a caustic agent, it is used to destroy organic tissue by chemical action. Sodium hydroxide may be used in industry and research. Tsca inventory status all ingredients are listed on the tsca inventory. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps, rayon, paper, explosives, dyestuffs, and petroleum products. Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound with the.
The textile industry uses sodium hydroxide solution to manufacture viscose and viscose staple fibers. The science company provides the information in this safety data sheet in the belief that it is reliable but assumes no responsibility for its completeness or accuracy. Products of the sodium hydroxide tree the term sodium hydroxide is synonymous with caustic soda and alkali. As a cleansing agent and in washing powder for machines, metal sheets etc. About us tatvachintan tatva chintan pharma chem pvt. This list is strictly for informational purposes and a guideline to various detergent, cosmetic and coating formulations. Some studies do show that sodium hydroxide could be effective to inactivating parvovirus. In the form of salt cake sodium sulphate is used in making wood pulp by the sulphate process, plate glass, window glass, and bottles, water glass, sodium sulphide, and precipitated barium sul phate blanc fixe. Use of sodium hydroxide for cleaning and sanitizing chromatography media and systems. Using drain and oven cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide. Magnesium hydroxide reduces stomach acid, and increases water in the intestines which may induce bowel movements. Sodium hydroxide caustic soda is a coproduct from the manufacture of chlorine using a solution of the readily available raw material, rock salt sodium chloride. We would not recommend using sodium hydroxide also known as lye or caustic soda as a disinfection product in an animal setting. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture many everyday products, such as paper, aluminum, commercial drain and oven cleaners, and soap and detergents.
Sodium hydroxide is used in drain and oven cleaners, chemical manufacturing, oil refining, hydraulic fracturing, water treatment and metal processing. Feb 19, 2017 unclogging drains food processing used in processes to make products including plastics, soaps rayon and textiles revitalizing acids in petroleum refining removal paint etching aluminum dehorning of cattle during two steps of the. Oxychem does not use mercury based electrolytic cells to produce caustic. Sodium hydroxide serves a wide range of end use markets. Sodium hydroxide is the principal strong base used in the chemical industry. Sodium hydroxide industrial applications worldofchemicals. In ancient egypt, sodium carbonate was already mixed with lime to. Other common names for sodium hydroxide are caustic soda or lye. Sodium hydroxide uses, benefits, and chemical safety facts. Application note 18112457 ai process chromatography use of.
As a strong chemical base, sodium hydroxide can be used in a wide variety of industries including. It comes in many different brands of drain cleaners, but one of the most common is drano. Liquid sodium hydroxide is colorless and has no odor. Sodium hydroxide sodium hydroxide caustic soda is a coproduct from the manufacture of chlorine using a solution of the readily available raw material, rock salt sodium chloride. It is also used in petroleum refining, degreasing, etching, zinc extraction, tin plating, oxide coating, and food processing for peeling fruits and vegetables. The chemical reaction uses sodium hydroxide, ferrosilicon, and. Using these products may expose you to sodium hydroxide. Uses of ammonium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide of icse board concise selina publishers.
Sometimes, sodium hydroxide is also used as a reagent in the laboratories. Sodium hydroxide derives from sodium carbonate, formerly named caustic soda. Xylenesulfonic acid sodium stearate aluminum stearate calcium. Sodium hydroxide is usually sold in pure form as white pellets, or as a water solution. Caustic soda sodium hydroxide or naoh is most commonly manufactured by the. It is used in chemical manufacturing, oil refining, hydraulic fracturing, water treatment and metal processing. Free download of step by step solutions for class 10 science chapter 4 analytical chemistry. Uses the biggest single use for sodium hydroxide in making. It is a key component in many important chemical processes.414 1048 1227 450 812 784 877 1091 1030 395 1253 1383 438 1101 1238 986 685 66 176 946 79 576 82 750 1483 1368 1491 1119 1465 21 462 513 770